The effect of game and toy on child
Physical development means that all organs that make up the body development, neck growth, weight increase, the development of bones, the emergence and change of teeth, the development of muscles, brains, systems and sensory organs . Experts, The effect of game and toy on child health covers. The most impact on the person's personality The development area seen is physical development (17). with game physical, such as running, jumping, climbing together regular activities of the child's systems such as breathing, circulation and digestion provides (3). Playing games allows the child's body systems to work regularly.
Excess in the body
Performing especially growth-related functions such as burning fat, strengthening the muscles, more regular operation of the internal glands are provided with these games that require the movement of the body (1,3).
Physical activity in early childhood and daily movements have an important effect on health parameters. In preschool children adequate physical activity obesity and cardiovascular increases the protection against diseases (16). Thanks to the game, the heartbeat, blood circulation rate and breathing increase above normal. As a result, it becomes frequent and With deep breathing, a lot of oxygen passes through the air. Also, blood circulation is faster than normal helps it carry more nutrients to tissues (18).
Kids playing with outdoors games clean air necessary for physical development and he takes his vitamin unwittingly. For this reason, children become more cheerful outdoors (3). Also inadequate psychosocial factors such as physical activity, self-esteem, and negative impact on basic movement skill acquisition create (16).
Effect of Play and Toy on Psychomotor Development Psychomotor development; physical growth and development together with the development of the brain-spinal cord, the organism gains mobility upon demand (3.17). Development takes place from start to finish and from inside to outside. The large and small muscle development of the child progresses rapidly in the first two years (3). Infancy
The child who grew very fast during the starts walking at the age of.
Balance games with balls exercises and similar exercises It saves the environment from being a toy. It gives the ability to easily overcome an obstacle that it may encounter. Thanks to the games, the child also acquire the habit of using on-site and on time can (18). Power-response readiness, speed, rest and
psychomotor abilities such as dynamic attention, coordination and flexibility are gained to the child by play (3).
Contributing to the psychomotor development of children toys improve hand-eye coordination and has an impact on large and small muscle growth
(19). During the game, some movements of the child are constantly
her repetition, naturally her muscle growth Accelerates. The fact that children are constantly in motion through actions such as walking, running, jumping, climbing, their great muscle development; breakout, cut,
Repeating activities such as holding, kneading, piercing, and dyeing support small muscle development (20).
Effect of Play and Toy on Emotional Development Concepts such as love, joy, pain and sadness, fear, anger, jealousy, stubbornness, aggression are emotions and a sign of excitement. Emotions begin to develop in infancy, in the development of emotions experiences play an important role (17).
Researchers on the game, He admits that the best way to understand the child's level of emotion, thought and development is to observe during the game. Game played by the child corners, roles taken, materials used; for educators and parents, are good clues (21,22).
Parents' special interests of the child and to learn more about his personality should observe while playing games. During the game he should talk to his child, share his ideas and thoughts, develop new ideas, discover and strive to solve problems together (11).
Kids game only feelings that make them happy during they don't reveal. They try to face and get rid of their fears that bother them.
(23). Child, any negative experiences in the family the incident, his brother jealousy, fears, joy, pity, anxiety, friendship, enmity, loving, loving, trust many emotional reactions, such as hearing learn to control the game event (20). children mother, father and teacher who observe their games well-
Child Hospital. Journal 2015; 5 (2): 81-87 Thanks to the game, children realize their problems They can help the child to solve the problem (1). In particular, reactions during communication difficulties in helping children who are not open
help children game type, expressions during the game, drawn pictures to reveal the mental state of the child is important (8,9). Adult support cannot be provided or professional help in case of inadequate possibility should be offered.